HALLOWS EVE / SAMHAIN
31st OCTOBER - 1st NOVEMBER
The Changing of the Seasons
"ALL HALLOWS MASS"
ALL HALLOWS EVE - HALLOWEEN
Souls Eve and Day
This is the Pagan New Years Eve
The Wheel of Change Turns...
is the passing of the full season. 'Tis the TiME to celebrate the year
passed and to touch the spirits of friends and relatives gone before.
The Ritual takes the form of a "Feast for the Dead" and the
burning of Ritual Fires.
5th (Guy Faulkes Night) is the attempt by the Christian/ Parliamentarian
establishments to erase the Pagan fire-burning Rites of Samhain. They
have also tried to hijack Halloween by renaming it All Saints Eve followed
by All Saints Day.
THE RITE OF SAMHAIN
Celts worshipped nature and had many Gods. The Sun God LUGH, and Goddesses
Etain and Grian
commanded their work and their rest times. It was they who made
the Earth beautiful and the crops grow.
The Celts celebrated their New Year on November 1st. It was celebrated
every year with a festival and marked the end of the "season of the
sun" and the beginning of "the season of water." The Celts believed,
that during the winter, the Sun God/desses were taken prisoner by Samhain,
the Lord of the Dead and Prince of Darkness.
On the eve before their new year it was believed that Samhain called
together all the dead people. The dead would take different forms, with
the bad spirits taking the form of animals. The most evil taking the
form of the Cat, the Wolf, the Crow and the Raven.
After the crops were all harvested and stored for the long winter the
cooking fires in the homes would be extinguished. The Druids, the Celtic
priests, would meet in the hilltop in the dark oak forest and would
light new fires and offer sacrifices of crops and animals. As they danced
around the the fires, the season of the sun passed and the season of
darkness would begin. When the morning arrived the Druids would give
an ember from their fires to each family who would then take them home
to start new cooking fires. These fires would keep the homes warm and
free from evil spirits.
The November 1st festival was named after Samhain and honored both the
sun god and Samhain. The festival would last for 3 days. Many people
would parade in costumes made from the skins and heads of their animals.
This festival would become the first Halloween.
the first century the Romans invaded Britain. They brought with them
many of their festivals and customs. One of these was the festival know
as Pomona Day, named for their goddess of fruits and gardens. It was
also celebrated around the 1st of November. After hundreds of years
of Roman rule the customs of the Celtic's Samhain festival and the Roman
Pomona Day mixed becoming 1 major fall holiday.
The next influence came with the spread of the new Christian religion
throughout Europe and Britain. In the year 835 AD the Roman Catholic
Church would make November 1st a church holiday to honor all the saints.
This day was called All Saint's Day, or Hallowmas, or All Hallows. Years
later the Church would make November 2nd a holy day. It was called All
Souls Day and was to honor the dead. It was celebrated with big bonfires,
parades, and people dressing up as saints, angels and devils.
But the spread of Christianity did not make people forget their early
customs. On the eve of All Hallows, Oct. 31, people continued to celebrate
the festival of Samhain and Pomona Day. Over the years the customs from
all these holidays mixed. October 31st became known as All Hallow Even,
eventually All Hallow's Eve, Hallowe'en, and then - Halloween. The Halloween
we celebrate today includes all of these influences, Pomona Day's apples,
nuts, and harvest, the Festival of Sanhain's black cats, magic, evil
spirits and death, and the ghosts, skeletons and skulls from All Saint's
Day and All Soul's Day
SOURCE - http://www.holidays.net/halloween/
after November 1st became a Christian feast day honouring all saints,
many people clung to the old pagan beliefs and customs that had grown
up about Hallows Eve. Some attempt to foretell the future on that night
by performing such rites as jumping over lighted candles. In the British
Isles great bonfires blazed for the Celtic festival of Samhain. Laughing
bands of guisers (young people disguised in grotesque masks) carved
lanterns from turnips and carried them through the villages.
Pumpkins were traditional part of the Celebration and Feast. They were
used to create pumpkin soup, sauces & cakes. The hollowed out Fruits
were carved with faces and symbols with lighted wicks or candles put
inside to ward off unfriendly spirits and Symbolic Candles were lit
to guide the way for friendly ones. Masks, Fancy Attire and Protection
Symbols are used by invited party goers to enhance the Celebration.
dusk, light the Ritual Fire to burn the old
Celebrate your Ancestor's LiFE, your Own & those Newly Born
Welcome ALL unto the fold.
BID HAPPY NEW YEAR & PARTY TiLL DAWN
a Circle singing...
THE LORD IS HOLLY. THE LORD IS OAK
TWO SIDES OF THE ONE
THE OAK LEAVES - THE HOLLY STAYS
TO GUiDE US THROUGH THE WiNTER DAYS
WE SACRiFiCE THE YEARS EXCESS
THAT ALL MAY SHARE MUTUAL SUCCESS
OUR HOLLY LORD
PROTECT US THROUGH THE SEASONs HARM
OUR LADY OF RENEWAL
GRANT US SAFETY BEYOND YULE
GiVE PRAiSE TO THE TURNiNG WHEEL
OFFER YOUR PLEDGE, THE EARTH TO HEAL
BLESS THE OLD AND BLESS THE NEW
BLESSED ME AND BLESSED YOU
Put Potatoes and Apples into the fire to cook.
Roast meats on controlled fires, Spit Roast or Bar-B-Q
Play "BOB APPLE" and other party games...
a table for the Feast of the Dead.
It should be covered with a black table cloth.
Oils of Frankincense and Sandalwood
Herbs of Thyme and rosemary
Sprigs of Holly and Oak
The WHEEL of CHANGE
For Symbolic purposes & indoor Rite
Silver, Black & White
Colours may be incorporated
to suit the
of your Ritual
a chair at the head of the table, draped in a black cloth
to represent the spirits of those gone before, absent friends,
relatives and familiar spirits...
spirit's place is marked by a White votive candle
Set places for each of the living awaiting the feast of...
Hot potatoes, apples and cooked
meats, bread, fruits, vegetables, nuts and juice, water, ale
likewise with the Spirits Plate. Offer the Same Food as the
Living Guests. After the Celebration place the Food Outside
Light the candles and dim the lights
Sing the Witches Rune
NIGHT AND SHINNING MOON
EAST THEN SOUTH THEN WEST THEN NORTH
HARKEN TO THE WITCHES RUNE
HERE I COME TO CALL YE FORTH
EARTH AND WATER AIR AND FIRE
WAND AND PENTACLE, FEATHER AND SWORD
WORK YE UNTO MY DESIRE
HARKEN YE UNTO MY WORDS
CORDS AND CENSER, SCOURGE AND KNIFE
POWER OF THE WITCHES BLADE
WAKEN ALL YE INTO LIFE
COME YE AS THE CHARM IS MADE
QUEEN OF ASGARD, VANAHEiM & ALFHEiM
HORNED HUNTER OF THE NIGHT
LEND YOUR POWER UNTO MY SPELL
AND WORK MY WILL MY MAGIC RITE
BY ALL THE POWER OF LAND AND SEA
BY ALL THE MIGHT OF MOON AND SUN
AS I DO WILL....SO MOTE IT BE
CHANT THE SPELL AND BE IT ...DONE...
Call the quarters
Ask the Guardians of the Watchtowers to witness
and protect your circle
Invite your Deities
Invite your favourite God/desses. It is especially important
to invite them on Samhain, as you will want to thank them
for their help during the past year, and of course, ask that
they continue to help in the coming year.
Light the candle on the plate of the spirit.
Raise your Chalice to the empty chair...
Salute the Spirits
Acknowledge their help in providing the feast
before you , and the life we live to enjoy...
thanks to the Deities you have invited by offering them food.
Put the offerings on and around the plate of the Spirit
The feast should have a period of silence
so that you can contemplate your departed friends and relatives
on a personal level. Think of their passing and your hopes
for their well being and ultimately a joyous reunion. If someone
is recently departed, try to put aside your sadness and think
of that soul as well and happy in the presence of the God/dess.
Feel the presence of those who have joined you and
rejoice in their presence. Allow them to speak to you of whatever
they want to communicate listening and speaking to them in
For those Celebrating this Hallowed
Seasonal Event, the Witches of Ely invite the use of this
Earth Healing Chant...
Help control my Greed
Many are in basic need
me make the Sacrifice
To show by example
The Path to sustainable LiFE
That we may with Dedicated Will
Preserve the Hallowed Circle
Of LiFE ETERNAL
And Suffering may end
for us and for our
children's children's children
Personal Banishing and Resolutions
Now is the time to banish
the things that you want
that you want to
to carry over to the New Year,
bad habits and addictions, unkind feelings toward others,
unkind feelings toward yourself...
You will have already prepared your
written list... Light a black candle and burn it, asking the
God/dess to help you get rid of these and all negative things
in your life. If you prefer, you can use a cauldron to burn
your list of banishment's and resolutions. Invoke your deities
about your sincere wish to remove these things from your life
using a banishing Chant or Spell...
Take MY burdens from my mind
Leave afflictions far behind
Help ME ease my irksome strife
And bring forth Balance to MY LiFE
Chant whilst buning your list of woes
and vices in the flame of a Black Ritual Candle or your Cauldron.
Now you should speak to your deities about
those things you want to bring into your life in the New Year.
Asking the deities for future rewards should
be accompanied by resolutions as to how you will accomplish
your goals. They will help you if you are sincere in your
efforts to help and heal yourself by making the nessesary
Sacrifices. When considering your requests, take
the time to
set them out in prose and rhyme.
is used to see what lies ahead in the future.
the two worlds are so close at Samhain, it is the perfect
time for divination. Some prefer to use a cauldron of water
this night for scrying, since the cauldron seems to fit the
mood of Samhain. You may prefer Tarot cards, a pendulum, or
runes... whatever method works best for you.
Scry for your friends and let your friends
scry for you, above all, have fun and don't get to morbid
or serious...You have made it thus far...
This is when to ask your personal God/dess to help guide,
advise and generally keep you on the right path. Use this
time to thank them in a more personal way. This part of the
ritual takes the form of a shamanic journey in which you are
taken to a spiritual place, somewhere you may be given signs
that will help you know what you should do in general or specific
situations. Take as long with your meditation as you need.